Seasons of the Moon - Nissan 5760

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Seasons of the Moon - the Jewish year seen through its months

Nissan 5760
April 6, 2000 - May 6, 2000

Into the Light

Charlie Brown Perplexed

Imagine you're a cartoon artist. The character you're drawing has a question on his mind. You draw his furrowed brow. Small drops of perspiration start to leap from his forehead depicting his mental gymnastics as he wrestles with the question. Suddenly the answer pops into his head. How do you draw this? You draw a light-bulb coming on in his head. The cartoon convention for a person discovering the answer to a question is a light-bulb. It's not by coincidence. A question is like darkness. A question means you're "in the dark." An answer is like a revealing light. The answer "dawns" on you. All the world sees knowledge as light. And the lack of knowledge as darkness.

This Is A Question?

There's a famous Jewish joke which goes: "Why do Jews always answer one question with another?" "I don't know, why do they?" Jews have always asked questions. Mark Twain spoke of the Jew's "aggressive and inquisitive mind." The basic linguistic structure of the Talmud is shakla v'tarya, the "give and take" of question and answer. More than any other festival, Passover is a time of questions and answers. If there's one image that symbolizes the Passover Seder meal, it must be the youngest child summoning up all of his or her courage and asking "Ma Nishtana?" "Why is this night different from all other nights?" -- the Four Questions.

Look in the Haggada -- the universal Jewish text which tells the story of the Exodus -- however, and you'll find many more than just four questions: "The wise son, what does he say? 'What are the testimonies, decrees and ordinances which Hashem, our G-d, has commanded you?' The wicked son, what does he say? 'Of what purpose is this work to you?' The simple son, what does he say? 'What is this?' ..."Rabbi Yossi, the Galillean said: 'How does one derive that the Egyptians were struck... with fifty plagues at the sea?' " ...Matza -- Why do we eat this unleavened bread? ...Maror -- Why do we eat this bitter herb?" ...Who knows one? Who knows two? three? four? etc."

Asking and answering is the essence of the Seder. In fact, two Torah scholars making the Seder together are still obliged to ask each other these same questions. More. A lone Torah scholar would ask and answer those questions to himself. It must be then, that the methodology of question and answer reveals something essential about the Passover experience.

Feeling The Darkness

"And there was evening, and there was morning, one day." (Genesis 1:5) The Torah teaches us that night precedes day. First came evening and only then morning. What is the message of this process? Why should night precede day?

This is a world which starts in deficiency, in night. In this world, perfection can only come after imperfection. Morning can only come after evening. Light can only come after dark. In the existence beyond this world, perfection can exist without a preceding imperfection. That is a world of truth. A world of light. A world of total revelation. But in this world we can only approach perfection by a journey from the imperfect. Thus, in this world, our view of perfection is something which is always preceded by imperfection. Absence leads to presence. Emptiness becomes filled. Night becomes day.

How Bright Is Light?

"And there was evening, and there was morning, one day." This is a relative world. Only to the extent that there was evening can there be morning. When a person emerges from a darkened room, he squints and hides his eyes from the sunlight. His perception of the light is a function of his perception of the darkness. When we begin at the bottom, the top seems higher when we get there. In a sense, when we start at the bottom the top is higher, for in our struggle, we have endowed the summit with all the elevation of our climb. True elevation only comes with a climb from a low place.

The lowest place in the world three thousand years ago was Egypt. Egypt was the epitome of spiritual impurity. Egypt was the most spiritually poisonous place in the world. The mystics talk of 49 gates of spiritual corruption. The Jews in Egypt had reached that 49th gate, the spiritual nadir. The word for spiritual impurity -- tuma -- connotes constriction, being sealed off. The opposite of tuma is tahara. Tahara comes from the same root as the word for light and shining. When we talk of the Exodus as being a journey from darkness into light, this is not mere poetic sentiment. The Exodus was an escape from a literal darkness of the soul into the light.

Form And Content

The essence of the Passover story is a journey from slavery into freedom, from darkness into light. As the Haggada says, "Originally our ancestors were idol worshippers, but now the Omnipresent has brought us near to Him." The Seder is designed for us to experience the Exodus to the maximum degree. Our aim is to feel as though we ourselves were actually leaving Egypt. The great Sages who formulated the Haggada wanted us to experience that journey from darkness into light not just in the content of the words of the Haggada, but in its very form and style. They constructed the Haggada as a paradigm for the Exodus itself. Slavery to freedom. Darkness into light. Question into answer. The light bulb comes on.

  • Maharal
  • Pachad Yitzchak
  • Thanks to Rabbi Mordechai Kreitenberg


Your Light is hidden here
in double-dreaming folds
Sown in the heart
of the loving and the loved
They wait to see You
between the twisting of un -
Fate to Fate.

The publication of Seasons Of The Moon was made possible by the generosity of Jill Sinclair and Trevor Horn

SEASONS OF THE MOON is written by
Rabbi Yaakov Asher Sinclair and edited by Rabbi Moshe Newman.
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