Seasons of the Moon

For the week ending 21 June 2014 / 23 Sivan 5774

Sivan 5774 - June 2014

Become a Supporter Library Library

The former Sephardic Chief Rabbi of Israel recently visited the yeshiva and spoke to a full Beit Midrash prior to Shavout. I'd like to share with you his inspiring words as recorded in the notes of one of our talented rabbeim, Rabbi Yehonatan Peretz. I hope you enjoy the message as much as I and the staff and talmidim who were present at Rabbi Amar's historic visit.

With Torah blessings,

Rabbi Nota Schiller
Rosh HaYeshiva

“The mishna in the beginning of Pirkei Avot teaches that the world stands on three things: Torah, avoda (worship in the Beit Hamikdash), and performing deeds of loving-kindness. However, Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel states in another mishna at the end of that same chapter in Pirkei Avot that the world stands on three different things: judgment, truth and peace. Rabbeinu Yona of Gerundi explains the difference. The first three things are the pillars of the world, he writes, and the world stands on them as the basis for the creation of our existence — but the world continues to exist in the merit of the second group of three reasons.

The Beit Yosef, in the beginning of Choshen Mishpat, poses a question on this commentary of Rabbeinu Yona: If the first three things were enough to create the world, why are they not enough to keep the world in existence? Due to this question the Beit Yosef offers an explanation that differs from that of Rabbeinu Yona. He states that the first three things were taught by Shimon Hatzaddik who lived during the time of the Second Beit Hamikdash, and therefore he said that the world stands on Torah and avoda (which was performed there at that time) and kindness. However the latter three things were said by Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel who lived after the destruction of the Beit Hamikdash, and therefore he mentioned three different things.

But the Beit Yosef’s answer also appears difficult to accept. We can understand why avoda needed to be substituted for a different thing in the latter and later mishna because the Beit Hamikdash had already been destroyed and the avoda ceased — but why did he need to mention “substitutes” for Torah and for acts of loving-kindness? Clearly the Torah never changed and will never change!

We humbly propose the following approach, based on an important concept taught by the Alshich Hakadosh. The verse states, “Behold, to G-d are the ‘Heavens’ and the ‘Heavens of Heavens’, the Land and everything in it (Deut. 10:14).” The order of the verse is perplexing. The ‘Heavens of Heavens’ are obviously higher than the ‘Heavens’, and it would therefore seem more logical for the verse to start with either the lowest level — the Land — or the highest — the ‘Heavens of the Heavens’ — instead of starting with the middle level of the ‘Heavens’! To answer this question the Alshich Hakadosh explains that at the time of the Beit Hamikdash the Land was the holiest and highest level because all of the holiness really has its roots in this world. Therefore, the verse is really in a logical order, starting with the lowest level and rising to the highest level. After the destruction of the Beit Hamikdash, not only was the avoda destroyed, but the high level of Torah and even the previous high level of kindness were also destroyed. As a result, Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel felt a need to teach three different things as replacements for the original three things that would serve as justification for a continued sustenance of the world.

In conclusion, may we merit fulfilling our responsibility nowadays to learn, teach and fulfill the Torah — with all of our “existence” — in a manner befitting the greatest potential level available in our generation. Amen.”

Photos by Daniel Freedman



Think. Know. React.

Ohr Somayach is delighted to announce the launch of Fusion - an electrifying and stimulating 4-week program for young Jewish men of allbackgrounds who are serious about gaining an understanding of Judaism.

Taught by world-renowned experts including Rabbi Dr. Yitzchak Breitowitz, Rabbi Dr. Dovid Gottlieb, Rabbi Dr. Guy Matalon, Rabbi Shlomo Schiller and Rabbi Yirmiyahu Ullman, and coordinated by Rabbi Dr. Yitzchak Greenblatt, Fusion offers an explosion of opportunities to positively charge the Jewish soul, including

Nucleus -Start the day off with a bang with an in-depth examination of the key principles of Judaism and explore classic and contemporary issues.

Formulas to Live By - Insights into practical day-to-day Jewish living. What, how, when and why. Bound to be a catalyst for conversation.

Splitting the Atom - Getting to grips with text, guiding students through analyzing the Talmud and applying conclusions to the 21st century.

Reaching to the Core - Life Skills and Self-Development 101, Jewish style.

Heavy Water - Jewish thought and philosophy. Get clarity. Prevent a meltdown.

1:2:1 - Choose from a selection of guided study options.

The next Fusion will take place from July 8th to Aug 4th 2014. For further information contact: [email protected]

COMING SOON! A New Sefer from Rav Weinbach zt”l

For over 25 years the master mechanech and visionary Rav Mendel Weinbach, founder and Rosh Yeshiva of Ohr Somayach, delivered scintillating, thought-provoking and, most of all, practical shiurim to the Ohr Somayach Rabbinic, Leadership and Teacher Training Program – Ohr Lagolah. “As Heard from Rav Mendel: A Resource Book for Rabbis and Educators” presents Ohr Lagolah material for the first time. It contains:

Discussions on Building a Torah Society, Public Speaking, Kiruv, the Written Word and the Rabbi’s Role as Counselor

Fifty shiur outlines and source materials for preparing your own shiurim

Mp3 recordings of more than 40 or Rav Weinbach’s Ohr Lagolah Shiurim

A selection of penetrating insights and comments on current events and the Jewish year

The sefer is currently being printed and should be available in Israel in July and in the States shortly thereafter (allowing time for shipping). For more information please contact [email protected]

Hundreds Attend Ohr Somayach International Yemei Iyun

As part of its worldwide outreach and educational activities Ohr Somayach International recently held its annual North American Yom Iyun Evening of Learning entitled "Issues and Answers - Jewish Perspectives on Our Rapidly Changing World" in Baltimore, Brooklyn, Chicago, Toronto and Los Angeles.

World-renowned speakers Rabbis Akiva Tatz, Dovid Orlofsky and Dovid Gottlieb dazzled the audience with their brilliant presentations on contemporary topics. Rabbi Gottlieb addressed the issue "Can Rabbis be Wrong? - Defining True Jewish Leadership;" Rabbi Orlofsky's topic was "How is Judaism Still Relevant Today?" and Rabbi Tatz spoke on "Is it Safe? Living in a Dangerous World."

Recordings of some of the Yom Iyun talks are available for listening and/or download at

Kiruv Seminar

The annual Ohr Lagolah Kiruv Seminar for Bnei Torah will be held in the Main Beis Medrash of Ohr Somayach on Tuesday 17th Tammuz / 15th July. Speakers this year include the Rosh Yeshiva Rav Nota Schiller, Rav Moshe Shapiro, Rav Yitzchak Breitowitz, Rav Moshe Lazerus, Rav Zev Leff, Rabbi Dovid Orlofsky, Rabbi Dovid Gottlieb, Rabbi Moshe Averick and Rabbi Richard Jacobs. A full schedule will be available on the Ohr Somayach website from the beginning of Tammuz.

Living up to the Truth / Vivir de Acuerdo a la Verdad

A Spanish version of "Living up to the Truth" by Rabbi Dr. Dovid Gottlieb is just off the press thanks to the initiative of Ohr Somayach and Ohr Lagolah graduate Rabbi Hune Gerngross, who is now doing outreach in Argentina. The new translation can be downloaded in full for free from the Ohr Somayach website on the following link:

Kashrus on the Air

Ohr Lagolah Almunus and current Shoel U'Meishiv Rabbi Yehuda Spitz's highly popular ‘Insights Into Halacha’ column has recently taken on a new dimension: radio waves. He was recently the guest on a Pre-Pesach 'Kashrus on the Air' radio show on JROOT Radio, discussing the issues and background of the Kitniyos prohibition and how Quinoa measures up. You can hear a recording of the show here: and read the comprehensive article on this topic here:

Good Shabbos.

© 1995-2024 Ohr Somayach International - All rights reserved.

Articles may be distributed to another person intact without prior permission. We also encourage you to include this material in other publications, such as synagogue or school newsletters. Hardcopy or electronic. However, we ask that you contact us beforehand for permission in advance at [email protected] and credit for the source as Ohr Somayach Institutions

« Back to Seasons of the Moon

Ohr Somayach International is a 501c3 not-for-profit corporation (letter on file) EIN 13-3503155 and your donation is tax deductable.